About Swaziland


Southern Africa.


Area Size

17, 364 km2.


Natural Mineral Resources

Gold, Iron Ore, Diamonds, Coal and Quarry


Bordering Countries

South Africa and Mozambique.



Hhohho, Manzini, Lubombo and Shiselweni.


Capital City



Local Authorities

12 purely urban local authorities and 55 Rural local authorities but some among these overlap between urban and rural areas.



1,106,189 (Housing and Population Census, 2007, 2014 estimate).


Life Expectancy

60 years in 1997; 33.7 years in 2007; 48.7 years in 2010.



The first Constitution of the Kingdom of Swaziland was passed in 1968 when the country gained independence from Britain. In April 1973, the 1968 Constitution was repealed. In 2006 a new constitution came into force which ushered in a new political dispensation. 


Political System

Tinkhundla System.


Official Languages

SiSwati and English.


Labour Force Participation rate

57 per cent (Swaziland Labour Force Survey, 2010).



$2,860 (World Bank Atlas, 2014)



$6.259 billion, at purchasing Power Parity.


GDP Growth Rate

2.8 per cent % in 2013, (Budget Speech, 2014).


GINI Coefficient



Total Public External Debt

E3, 460.1 million in 2014, 19 per cent of GDP (Ministry of Finance, 2014).


Total Public Debt

E6, 271.0 million.


Total public debt as % of GDP

17.1 per cent


Unemployment Rate

41.7 per cent in 2013 (National Labour Force Survey 2014).


HDI Value

0.536 (Swaziland National Human Development Report, 2012).


Interest Rate

5.5 per cent (Central Bank of Swaziland Monetary Statement, 2014).


Current Account Balance

E2, 305.8 Million which is 6.6 per cent of GDP (Central Bank of Swaziland Annual Report, 2013/14).


Annual Inflation Rate

5.6% (Central Bank of Swaziland Annual Report 2013/14).


Budget Balance

1.05 Billion, 3 per cent of GDP (Central Bank of Swaziland Annual Report, 2013/14).