Accounting Framework

RC's accountability to the UNCT

Because of this line function, and the fact that other UNCT members also have direct-line accountability to their own organizations, the UN has established a firewall between the RC function and his responsibility as UNDP RR so that the RC in the leadership role of the UNCT will uphold the interests of all agencies and not give preference to any agency in the UNCT.

During UNCT meetings when the RC chairs, he vacates his role as UNDP RR, and the UNDP is represented by the Deputy Resident Representative and head of programme. In that capacity the RC is accountable to other UNCT members for producing results under the UNDAF, recognizing that a well-functioning UNCT allows each organization to be more effective than acting alone.

The RC has an equal relationship with, and responsibility to all UNCT members. The RC “on behalf of the UN System (UNS), and in consultation with country representatives of the UNS, assumes overall responsibility for, and coordination of the operational activities for development of the UNS carried out at the country level.”

The RC is responsible for coordination of the UNCT in strategy, planning, implementation and monitoring and evaluation of development programmes at the country level, contained in the UNDAF and provides overall leadership, programme oversight, advocacy, resource mobilization and allocations for UNDAF, and lead the UNCT in monitoring, evaluation and reporting of UNCT progress on the UNDAF. The RC leads the UNCT in using tools for increased coherence in the country (e.g. CCA, HACT, and common services). 


RC Roles and Responsibilities include the following:

 Representing the Secretary-General to Government

  1. Representing the UNCT as a group
  2. Leading the team in strategic development of the UNDAF [and joint programmes within it], taking the final decision on strategic focus if consensus cannot be reached
  3. Advocating and mobilising resources for the UNDAF, supporting UNCT priorities
  4. Coordinating UNDAF implementation with the Theme Group lead agencies and the UNCT more generally
  5. Leading UNCT-wide monitoring, evaluation and reporting on the UNDAF results
  6. Representing and supporting inclusion of non-resident agencies
  7. [if there is a One Fund] leading a consultative process on allocations from the One Fund and making final decision if consensus cannot be reached
  8. Coordinates [to be inserted by OCHA]

As the RC is also the Designated Official for Security (DO) he/she is accountable to the Secretary-General for the management of the UN security system in the country. As DO, he/she will coordinate actions to ensure the safety, security and well-being of all staff and families of the United Nations system in the country, convene and lead the work of the inter-agency Security Management Team (SMT) for effective joint action on all security-related aspects and ensure proper planning, implementation follow-through and reporting.

The RC, in partnership with the UNCT, advocates the goals, norms and standards of the UN system. The RC, on behalf of the UNCT, promotes the development of a wide range of partnerships to advance all programmes of the United Nations, including mobilising resources for the programmes of the UNCT to complement agencies’ own efforts and advocates for funds. 

The RC is the primary interlocutor for the UNCT with the Head of State or Government in support of the UNCT, its members and its UNDAF results, accompanied by agency representatives when agency specific matters are discussed. Government’s prerogative to call on individual agency representatives is not affected, and agency Representatives retain the possibility to have direct access to Heads of State / Government and all appropriate central and line ministries and agencies on matters within their mandate. In the case of a crisis, individual agency representatives may also work directly with top government leaders, as necessary.

The UN system agencies should come together in humanitarian situations, and organise themselves through the IASC cluster approach. In such cases the RC may be designated as HC and all UNCT partners will be part of the cluster system as will key non-UN partners, following IASC practice.

The RC may have representational responsibilities for agencies present or not, based on agreements with each agency at the country and headquarters. The RC and the UNCT should ensure inclusive measures to work closely with NRAs, to be fully informed of the mandate, priorities and requirements of the agency and promote active partnerships in meeting national priorities, according to the country context.

At the same time, NRAs will take necessary measures to engage with the RC and UNCT, ensuring that they have the requisite level of technical staff at headquarters/regional/sub-regional level as appropriate to support the work of the UNCT when called upon, and are in dialogue with the UNCT about country visits.  The functioning of the UNCT should ensure regular communications with all active NRAs, through both electronic means and face to face, as appropriate.