Development Context

Total population (de jure) by rural and urban areas according to sex, Swaziland 2007 Census: Total 1018449

Sex                                               Area
                                          Urban           Rural
                                          225293           793156
Male:
481428                      108071           373357
Female: 537021                  117222           419799

Population growth rate     0.9%           
Average household size     4.7           
Total fertility rate (avg number of children per woman) 3.95           
Infant mortality rate     107/1000           
Under 5 yrs mortality rate     167/1000           
Maternal mortality ratio
    144/100,000           
Literacy rate     89%           
Life expectancy rate     Male: 42      Female: 43
Unemployment rate     40.6%           


Total resident population (de jure) by region according to sex, Swaziland 2007 Census

                                                Sex
                     Total                  Male        Female
Manzini         319530               149908    169622
Hhohho         282734               134879     147855
Shiselweni    208454               96668      111786
Lubombo       207731               99973      107758

Administrative Divisions: 4 districts; Hhohho, Lubombo, Manzini, Shiselweni
Capital City:     Mbabane
Languages     English (official, government business conducted in English), siSwati(official)
Currency:     Lilangeni (SZL) = 1 South African Rand
Main Economic Activities     Agriculture, Textiles, Tourism
GDP per Capita     $4963.634 (PPP - 2008 Est.)
Percentage below the Poverty Line:     69% (2001)
Unemployment rate:     40.6% (2007 Census)
Human Development Index:     0.547 (2007)
Gender-related Development Index:     0.529 (2007)
Percentage of Population below 20 years of age:     51.9%
HIV & AIDS prevalence rate:
    18.8% (2007)
Primary Environmental Hazard:     Drought