UN Swaziland - UNCT
The United Nations is committed to contributing to the development of Swaziland and seeks to further strengthen the management and coordination of UN activities so that they can make an even more effective impact to the attainment of internationally agreed development goals, including the Millennium Development Goals MDGs).
UN Development Assistance Framework (UNDAF)
To this end, the UN system in Swaziland is guided by the United Nations Development Assistance Framework (UNDAF), a five year action programme to work in alignment to the national development priorities. The most important value added by the UN to development progress in Swaziland is its expertise in analyzing issues through its reports, its advocacy role in promoting the MDGs and its commitment to a pro-poor agenda. UNDAF priorities for example, are supported by a careful review and analysis of national development priorities which are articulated in the Common Country Assessment (CCA). This analysis determines the priority areas of UN development support over the five year period.
The current UNDAF 2006-2010 is expiring and the United Nations Country Team (UNCT) in close collaboration with the Government of Swaziland, civil society and development partners have completed the development of the successor UNDAF for 2011-2015. The incoming UNDAF was developed using the key principles of the Paris Declaration on Aid Effectiveness and Country Ownership.
The Guiding Principles behind the UNDAF are:
- The UN reform process and the mandate for system-wide coherence;
- The targets for the fulfillment of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs);
- National ownership of country programming and alignment with national development priorities;
- Adherence to UN pro-poor agenda and support to develop the capacity for good governance.
The comprehensive approach to the UNDAF process ensures that it is aligned with Swaziland's national plans, espcially the Vision 2022 of the National Development Strategy and Action Programme; the Poverty Reduction Strategy and Action Programme (PRSAP); the Nationa HIV Strategic Framework and the Prioritized Action Programme 2008-2013. In this context, the outcomes of the UNDAF 2011-2015 identify four key development themes as priorities for the next five years. These are:
1. Poverty Reduction and Sustainable Livelihoods;
2. HIV&AIDS response;
3. Human Development and Basic Social Services and;
UN agencies and UNDAF
Each UN agency is assigned a specific manadate to support development in a specific area. For instance, FAO is mandated with supporting systems for improving access to food and agriculure. WHO is responsible for supporting access to health; UNDP for poverty reduction, good governance and environment sustainability etc.
Accordingly, as a follow up to the UNDAF process, each UN agency develops a five year programme - the Country Programme Document (CPD) in which it articulates its support to the UNDAF as well as an accompanying action plan, the Country Programme Action Plan (CPAP). Specialized UN agencies such as UNESCO, ILO, WFP and WFP do not develop CPDs and CPAPS but have similar programming arrangements for supporting UNDAF.
Implementation of UN programmes
Annually, each agency develops a work plan (AWP) that it will execute during the year. AWP development is done in close consultation with government departments relevant to the agency's UN mandate as well as with civil society organizations that are active in the sector.
The UN reform agenda promotes progressive shift from UN agency implementation of programmes to implementing partners (IPs) in government and civil society. This is in line with the UN's policy for capacity building and at the same time, to reduce transaction costs of programming. The UN has undertaken a capacity assessment of all its implementing partners to gain a better understanding of their management and operational capacity to undertake UN funded projects. The information is important for developing general capacity building but also specific IP capacity building programmes.
Coordination of UN activities
The coordination of the implementation of the UNDAF framework is managed by the United Nations Country Team (UNCT) which is made of heads of all UN agencies working in the country. The UNCT meets regularly, at least once a month, reviews and directs the collective effort towards attaining UNDAF priorities and outcomes.
It coordinates, harmonizes and aligns UN development activities. The group strengthens the UN development system at the country level, prepares it to meet future challenges and ensures that operations are conducted in accordance with mandates from UN governing bodies such as the General Assembly.